||There are many Jews who are proud to be Jewish, to love Jewish food, humor, music, culture, but who aren't spiritually touched by the religious ceremony. Does that answer your question?
Are you asking me if I am scared of the Russian Patriot movement with its religious ideological roots taking over the nuclear weapons and eeek! I don't think so much about it. Do you? I did translate a book by Alexander Yanov from Russian into English in 1986 ("The Russian Challenge") I'm sure it has also been printed in Russian. The book traces the historical connection of Russian Patriotic Nationalism through the Soviet period inclusive.
About Pogroms: they may have believed they were fighting global capitalism (the 1881 Pogroms were terrible and it is in this period that the forgery the Protocols of the Elders of Zion was published), but they were just killing Jewish peasants or kiosk owners who weren't much different from themselves. It was how the Tsar kept control when times got hard, give the people an easily victimized enemy. What is fantastic is the people can still be riled up to hate and blame the Jews when all the Jews, or almost all, have left for Israel. It's the overwhelmng need to have an explanation that avoids responsibility for changing yourself that is the psychological phenomenon here. It's the same with our KKK.